Population Control is no Shame – Pakistan has no oil and Electricity or Gas

fertility in check

-Photo by Fayyaz Ahmed
-Photo by Fayyaz Ahmed

While contraceptives do help with family planning, what really helps is preventing women from marrying very young.A survey in Pakistan revealed that women under 19 years of age at marriage were much more likely to give birth to five or more children than those who were at least 19 years old at marriage. The same survey also revealed that visit by family planning staff did not have a significant impact on reducing fertility rates. Instead, women who watched family planning commercials on TV were much less likely to have very large families.

Being the sixth most populous nation in the world, Pakistanis are also exposed to disease, violence, and natural disasters, which increase the odds of losing children to accidents or disease. At the same time, many consider the use of contraceptives to be un-Islamic. In addition, the preference for a male offspring is also widespread. As a result, Pakistani parents are inclined to have several children. The immediate task for the governments in Pakistan is to ensure that the rate of decline in fertility rates observed over the past two decades continues. At the same time, the governments in Pakistan should learn from Bangladesh that has made significant progress in stemming the population tide.

Source: The World Bank (2013) – Graph generated by Murtaza Haider.
Source: The World Bank (2013) – Graph generated by Murtaza Haider.

Getting down to two children per family may seem an elusive target, however, Pakistanis have made huge dents in the alarmingly high fertility rates, despite the widespread opposition to family planning. Since 1988, the fertility rate in Pakistan has declined from 6.2 births per woman to 3.5 in 2009. In a country where the religious and other conservatives oppose all forms of family planning, a decline of 44 per cent in fertility rate is nothing short of a miracle.

A recent paper explores the impact of family planning programs in Pakistan. The paper uses data from the 2006-07 Pakistan Demographic and Health Survey, which interviewed 10, 023 ever-married women between the ages of 15 and 49 years. The survey revealed that only 30 per cent women used contraceptives in Pakistan. Though the paper in its current draft has several shortcomings, yet it still offers several insights into what contributes to high fertility and what the effective strategies are to check high fertility rates in Pakistan.

The survey revealed that the use of contraceptives did not have any significant impact for women who had given birth to six or more children. While 24 per cent women who were not using any contraceptives reported six or more births, 37 per cent of those who used contraceptives reported six or more births. At the same time, 27 per cent of women who were not visited by the family planning staff reported six or more births compared with 22 per cent of women who had a visit with the family planning staff.

Meanwhile, demographic and socio-economic factors reported strong correlation with the fertility outcomes. Women who were at least 19 years old at marriage were much less likely to have four or more births than those who were younger at the time of marriage. Similarly, those who gave birth before they turned 19 were much more likely to have four or more births.

Education also reported strong correlation with fertility outcomes. Consider that 58 per cent of illiterate women reported four or more births compared to 21 per cent of those who were highly educated. Similarly, 60 per cent of the women married to illiterate men reported four or more births compared to 39 per cent of the women married to highly educated men. The survey revealed that literacy among women mattered more for reducing fertility rates than literacy among their husbands.

The underlying variable that defines literacy and the prevalence of contraceptives in Pakistan is the economic status of the households. The survey revealed that 32 per cent of women from poor households reported six or more births compared to 21 per cent of those who were from affluent households.

The above results suggest that family planning efforts in Pakistan are likely to succeed if the focus is on educating young women. Educated young women are likely to get married later and will have fewer children. This is also supported by a comprehensive study by the World Bank in which Andaleeb Alam and others observed that cash transfer programs in Punjab to support female education resulted in a nine percentage point increase in female enrollment. At the same time, the authors found that those girls who participated in the program delayed their marriage and had fewer births by the time they turned 19.

“In fact, women in Punjab with middle and high school education have around 1.8 fewer children than those with lower than middle school education by the end of their reproductive life. Simple extrapolations also indicate that the 1.4 year delay in marriage of beneficiaries associated with the program could lead to 0.4 fewer births by the end of their childbearing years.”

The religious fundamentalists in Pakistan will continue to oppose family planning programs. They cannot, however, oppose the education of young women. The results presented here suggest that high fertility rates could be checked effectively by improving young women’s access to education. At the same time, educated mothers are the best resource for raising an educated nation.

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Reasons for declining fertility rates in Pakistan.

Pakistan sixth most populous country in world: survey

* Life expectancy increased from 65.8% (female) and 63.9% (male) in 2010-11 to 66.1% (f) and 64.3% (m) in 2011-12

http://www.dailytimes.com.pk/default.asp?page=20136\17\story_17-6-2013_pg12_7

KARACHI: Pakistan is sixth most populous country in the world with an estimated population of 184.35 million in 2012-2013.

The growth rate of population during 2012-2013 is 2.0 percent. Under current circumstances, it is expected that Pakistan will attain fifth position in the world in terms of total population in 2050.

According to new Economic Survey of Pakistan 2012-13, the comparison of population data published by Population Reference Bureau shows that the world population growth rate reduced from 1.4 percent in 2011 to 1 percent in 2012. Nevertheless the decreased growth rate added 71 million people in global population, and the total world population crossed the figure of seven billion at the end of June 2012. Each year the number of human beings is on the rise, but the availability of natural resources, required to sustain this population, to improve the quality of human lives and to eliminate mass poverty remains finite.

Resultantly, these resources are becoming scarce and incapable of fulfilling ever increasing demand of population. The main affectees of increasing population are the developing countries where population growth rate is higher than developed countries while availability and use of natural resources is scarce as compared to developed world. However, this issue can be handled by advancement in technology and human resource development.

Increased investment in the technological development and higher labour productivity through improvement in education, health and training facilities are the main modes of increasing productivity of human resources.

People are living longer in both industrial and developing countries because of increased access to immunisation, primary health care, and disease eradication programs. In Pakistan, life expectancy has also increased from 65.8 (female) and 63.9 (male) in 2010-11 to 66.1 (female) and 64.3 (male) in 2011-12.

Age composition of a population is the number of people in different age groups in a country. It is one of the most basic characteristics of a population. A person’s age influence what he needs, buys, does, and thinks. The study of age composition of population is also helpful in determining the proportion of the labour force in total population. It also facilitates in understanding about the dependent population, longevity and aged population. According to age composition, population of a nation is categorized into three broad groups. These are Children (young), adult (middle age) and aged (old age).

The adult population is considered as wealth of a nation in terms of human resource. Adult population (15-59) has increased from 104 million in 2011 to 110 million in 2013. This age structure of a population affects a nation’s key socioeconomic issues. These people are economically productive and they comprise the working population.

Nevertheless, the rapid growth in this group can become problematic, if they are unable to find employment. However, the government with appropriate polices can utilise this youth bulge for the development of the economy. The population in third group (60 years and above) has shown a mild increase i.e. less than one million during 2011 to 2013 period. Total fertility is a general term covers the relationship between the current population (typically the current female population) and current numbers of births.

Total fertility rate represents the number of children that would be born to a woman if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years and bear children in accordance with current age-specific fertility rates. The fertility rate has rapidly declined in those countries which achieved major improvements in child survival rates and educational levels and have implemented family planning programs as well.

The increased access to family planning is helping parents to control the number and spacing of their children. In addition, with greater access to education and jobs more women are starting their families later and are having fewer healthier children. The fertility rate is continuously declining and reached at 3.3 in 2013. There are number of reasons for declining fertility rates in Pakistan. However, the main reasons are the introduction of the family planning methods, increased workforce participation by women and increased costs of child rearing. ppi

 

54% of Pakistani nation is below age of 19 – Conference told

13th International Symposium begins

54% of Pakistani nation is below age of 19: moot told

By Ahtesham Azhar
http://www.dailytimes.com.pk/default.asp?page=20129\23\story_23-9-2012_pg12_3
KARACHI: Experts at the 13th International Symposium have said that now the progress of nations in the world is measured with reference to the education, which are known for their achievements in education, health, science and technologies.

They expressed these views while addressing an inaugural ceremony of four-day 13th International Symposium on Natural Product Chemistry, held on Saturday, under the aegis of International Center for Chemical and Biological Sciences (ICCBS) and University of Karachi (KU). About 600 delegates from 40 countries are participating in the global moot, inaugurated by KU Vice Chancellor Prof Dr Muhammad Qaiser. Former Chairman Higher Education Commission, Prof Dr Atta-ur-Rahman, Director ICCBS Prof Dr Muhammad Iqbal Chaudhary, Dean Faculty of Sciences Prof Dr Nusrat Jameel, Managing Trustee Muhammad Hussain Panjwani Memorial Trust Nadira Pujwani, Chairmn Husein Ebrahim Jamal Foundation, Aziz Latif Jamal and Dr Ghulam Musharraf, Prof Dr Ahsan Dar addressed the ceremony.

They further said that around 54 per cent of Pakistani nation was below the age of 19, which is the real wealth of the country. “Science can bridge the gape between people of different races, languages, countries and regions.”

Prof Dr Atta-ur-Rahman said that science could make all countries closer in the world, which was the miracle of science. “Knowledge is the only key driver to get socio-economic progress in the world.”

He said, “Pakistani population is attributed with the large segment of youth, which is the real wealth of the country. Strong educational and research institutions play a crucial role in the development of any nation by providing world class human resources.”

Director ICCBS Prof Dr Muhammad Iqbal Chaudhry said ICCBS had become the largest and finest institutions in this region. In last two years, we increased our Ph D enrolment from 310 to 480, expanded our international collaboration with twenty three new MoUs, welcomed over 180 foreign scholars from some 50 nations, published over 600 international research papers, patented 20 new findings internationally and established several new institutions, he added.

“The aim of the symposium was to bring together the leading experts in the field of natural products sciences from all around the world and form global partnership for sustainable utilisation of natural resources for the common benefits of humanity and rapid development of the countries in the south,” he said.

Earlier, speaking at the inaugural ceremony of the symposium, the KU Vice Chancellor said that there was dire need to make our country stronger through science and technology to fight against the enemies of the country and humanity.

He said, “In today’s world, nations are known for their achievements in education. Development is no more considered to be the development of infrastructure, roads, dams and bridges. The whole notion of development has been changed. It is now defined and measured with reference to the education, enlightenment, tolerance, self-fulfillment and productivity. Karachi University has many finest institutions like ICCBS, which comprises HEJ Research Institute of Chemistry and Dr Panjwani Centre for Molecular Medicines and Drug Research (PCMD).”

 

Population = Good News = More Servants & Higher Property Prices

Yesterday I just put “Population projections Pakistan” in Google and spend only 30 minutes FEELING HAPPY Pakistan is the PLACE to RETIRE.

Old people like me do not need a/c as we do not feel hot as young people do. Also we can move to Islamabad. Good drinking water there.

Below is Google search results or my 30 minute research :   MASHALLAH. We chose ZIA ul HAQ than Mr. JIHHAH.
“…The UN Population Division projects that Pakistan will overtake Brazil and Indonesia in the next forty years  to rank fourth in world population. They predict the Pakistani population will almost double to 335 million from its current 180 million in this period….”
http://mydailyclarity.com/2009/07/un-pakistan-population-to-double-within-40-years/     Read to the end and you find Pakistan will continue to HATE USA !! Wow that bad magazine. Never heard of it before.

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Pakistan’s own GREAT WEBSITE telling us  Pakistan (In millions)

Total Urban Rural
173.51 63.05 110.46

http://www.nips.org.pk/news_detail.php?news=MjE=

http://www.nips.org.pk/Home.htm

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Its 2.03% population growth rate is the highest among the SAARC countries and gives an annual increase of 3.6 million. The population is projected to reach 210.13 million by 2020 and to double by 2045. In 1947, Pakistan had a population of 32.5 million.[175][216] From 1990 to 2009 it increased by 57.2%.[217] By 2030 it is expected to overtake Indonesia as the largest Muslim country in the world.[218][219][220] Pakistan is a ‘young’ nation, with a median age of about 20 and 104 million people under 30 in 2010.[175]

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pakistan#Demographics

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For the world as a whole, the number of children born per woman decreased from 5.02 to 2.65 between 1950 and 2005. A breakdown by region is as follows:

  • Europe – 2.66 to 1.41
  • North America – 3.47 to 1.99
  • Oceania – 3.87 to 2.30
  • Central America – 6.38 to 2.66
  • South America – 5.75 to 2.49
  • Asia (excluding Middle East) – 5.85 to 2.43
  • Middle East & North Africa – 6.99 to 3.37
  • Sub-Saharan Africa – 6.7 to 5.53

This page also includes RESOURCES and WATER. PAKISTANI TEXT BOOKS (PAK MILITARY) tells new generations PAKISTAN is FULL of RECOURCES. Its NOT.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Overpopulation

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Everyone hates WIKIPEDIA. Pakistanis do not read Demographics of Pakistan

Foreign born population in Pakistan

The second biggest group of foreign born population consists of Muslim refugees from Afghanistan that have settled in Pakistan due to civil war in Afghanistan. The smaller groups consist of Muslim refugees from Burma, Iraq, Somalia, Bangladesh, Iran, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, etc.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Demographics_of_Pakistan

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HERE it IS free LOOK into FOREIGNPOLICY dot COM   <<< Very funny>>>

“…Pakistan’s 2011 census kicked off in April, but less than three months later, it is embroiled in controversy. Several members of the Sindh Census Monitoring Committee have rejected as “seriously flawed” the recently completed household count. They allege that census workers, directed by an unspecified “ethnic group,” have counted Karachi’s “inns, washrooms, and even electric poles” as households in an effort to dilute the city’s native “Sindhi” presence…”
http://afpak.foreignpolicy.com/posts/2011/07/11/pakistans_demographic_dilemma

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UNITED NATIONS Pakistani research REPORT and see Zia ul Haq’s period as very high each woman birth  rate on PAGE 2 of 12 page pdf.
http://www.un.org/esa/population/publications/prospectsdecline/sathar.pdf

Above report is written by ZEBA A. SATHAR of Population Council of Pakistan. She says CONTRACEPTION use rates have hardly risen between 1975 to 91.

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 “….A “youth bulge” can produce large increases in population unless potential parents have ready access to family planning services. Between now and 2050 Pakistan’s population is projected to grow from 169 million to 295 million; Afghanistan’s population is expected to surge from 32 million to 82 million….”

“….Global population growth is contributing to deforestation, the loss of important bio-habitats, and the extinction of animal and plant species.  Edward O. Wilson, the Harvard ecologist, estimates that 30 to 50 percent of all species could face extinction by 2050 due to human population pressures….”
http://www.prcdc.org/globalpopulation/Population_Projections/

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Very good graph popups with this website. It shows Japan and Russia etc with reducing populations. OUR PAKISTANI PRESS tells us Russia and Japan are going to disaster because of REDUCING POPULATION. Thats WRONG. Kids in reducing population countries have BEST SCHOOLS and more FOOD etc etc.
http://www.os-connect.com/pop/p2ai.htm

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YEAK sad PAKISTAN GOVERNMENT :
“….In her article, Yusuf stressed that educating girls is as important as family planning and information services.  She also stressed, however, that the government’s new policy is:

…short on innovative solutions to address myriad shortfalls in service delivery. For example, little attention is paid to the fact that men must be included in all family planning initiatives. And while there is a call to engage religious leaders in spreading information about contraceptives, no concrete plans for training, outreach and counseling through mosques or madressahs is put forward. There can be no doubt, however, that such campaigns are necessary: one study states that ‘psychosocial’ issues, including a husband’s opposition and perceived religious condemnation, account for 50 per cent of barriers to contraceptive use reported by women….”
http://blog.populationinstitute.org/2010/07/26/pakistans-new-population-policy/

 

GOOD LUCK living in high birth rate country from Saudia to Pakistan.