Avaaz.org is a global civic organization launched in January 2007 that promotes activism on issues such as climate change, human rights, animal rights, corruption, poverty, and conflict. Its stated mission is to “close the gap between the world we have and the world most people everywhere want.” The organization operates in 15 languages, and states that it has over sixteen million members in 194 countries.
A The New Republic article claims that Avaaz’s focus on online petitions and email campaigns may encourage laziness, transforming potential activism into ‘clicktivism‘. Another article accuses them of false claims regarding Paul Conroy‘s escape from Syria. Jillian York has accused Avaaz of lack of transparency and arrogance. The Luís Nassif Portal has accused Avaaz of taking credit for the success of the Ficha Limpa(pt) anti-corruption bill in Brazil.
Avaaz’s founding President and Executive Director is the Canadian-British Ricken Patel. Patel was born in Edmonton, Canada. His mother is Russian-English and his father is an Indian born South African. He attended school on a Native American Reservation where he was bullied. He studied PPE (Politics, Philosophy, Economics) at Balliol College, Oxford University and joined in during tuition fee protests in 1998. He received a Masters in Public Policy from Harvard University, where he was a part of the protests demanding a living wage for the school’s workers. He worked for the International Crisis Group around the world, including in Sierra Leone, Liberia, Sudan and Afghanistan,
MoveOn is an American non-profit, progressive or liberal public policy advocacy group and political action committee, which has raised millions of dollars for candidates it identifies as “progressives” in the United States. It was formed in 1998 in response to the impeachment of President Bill Clinton by the U.S. House of Representatives.
38 Degrees is a British not-for-profit political-activism organisation that campaigns on a diverse range of issues, such as the environment, climate change, the National Health Service (NHS), democratic media ownership, child poverty and political reform. The organisation claims to have over one million members. It describes itself as “progressive” and claims to “campaign for fairness, defend rights, promote peace, preserve the planet and deepen democracy in the UK”.
38 Degrees takes its name from the critical angle at which the incidence of a human-triggered avalanche is greatest. In September 2011, 38 Degrees was named “Best UK Internet NGO” by the Oxford Internet Institute.
GetUp! is a left-leaning Australian activist group which takes its name from the lyrics of “The Internationale”. It was launched in August 2005, the week that the Coalition took control of the Australian Senate.
GetUp campaigns are community based, and are primarily coordinated through the Internet. They involve email, its website, and traditional media. GetUp is a non-profit organisation, and states that it relies on donations from individuals, organisations, unions and community groups for funding.
GetUp describes itself as “a new independent political movement to build a progressive Australia”. It identifies campaigns based on the interests of its members, which are usually issues such as “social justice, economic fairness and environmental sustainability”.